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Latinos accounted for two-thirds of the state’s population growth over the past decade and now make up 38 percent of the Texas population, up from 32 percent in 2000.

The Anglo population has dropped to 45.3 percent, down from 52.4 percent in 2000.

The black population remains at 11.5 percent, unchanged from 10 years ago.

Almost all of the state’s population growth is centered on four areas: Houston-Galveston; Dallas-Fort Worth; the Austin-San Antonio corridor; and the lower Rio Grande Valley.

The 2010 Census offered proof that the old Texas mythology is now part of history, revealing a state that is increasingly urban and Latino.

Texas’ largest cities grew larger and more diverse, as did many suburban counties, part of what Rice University sociologist Stephen Klineberg calls “this accelerating demographic revolution.”

“The number of Anglos is falling more rapidly than one would expect, and the number of Latinos is rising more rapidly,” Klineberg said.

The U.S. Census Bureau released its first detailed look at Texas on Thursday, showing that the state’s rapid growth over the past decade was almost entirely concentrated in its major urban areas.

The city of Houston’s population grew to 2.1 million, up 7.5 percent over the past decade, and the metropolitan area — which now encompasses a 10-county area — surged to 5,946,800 people. The area’s incorporated cities are included in the count.

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